Benton County Historical Society & Musuem, Oregon Benton County Historical Society Museum logo

 

P.O. Box 35
Philomath, OR 97370
541.929.6230
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+ Cockrell Quilts
+ Horner Collection
+ B.C. Cemeteries
+ Historical Schools
+ Genealogical Society
+ Quilt Guild

Museum Hours:
Tuesday - Saturday
10:00am - 4:30pm

Featured quilt: Early American Union Quilt
Early American Union Quilt This white American quilt features an appliqued eagle pattern surrounded by appliqued brown stars and dates circa 1796-1895. Border has blocks of "broderie perse", simple applique designs and plain blocks of squares outlined by a floral pattern.

Motif: eagle / floral


Accession number H15230

Description of Top
Appliqué eagle medallion quilt (87" x 83") with 28 stars. Colors predominantly brown, blues, pinks on cream. Label on back, bottom right: "Aunt Maggie gave this 1918 over 100 years old." Printed fabrics include stripe with geometric. Possibly printed panels. SC states that the center block is homespun linen. Cotton fabric is also used. Flowered chintz is used in the borders. Structure consists of one large center block (@ 60" x 55 ¼"), 7 blocks on top and bottom and 5 blocks on each side (@ 9" x 9"). Block orientation is straight. Basic appliqué and "boderie perse" techniques are used. Appliqué is hand stitched with invisible stitches. Quilt has one outer border @ 2 ½" wide. Eagle is bordered and border blocks are sashed. Top border is pieced with 7 different fabrics.

Quilt Back
Coarse muslin, possibly linen in 4 pieces.

Quilting
Hand-quilted, medium to large quality (@6-8 stitches per inch). Quantity is medium. Filler zig-zag quilting behind eagle. Diagonal and cross-hatch in border blocks.

Finishing
Edges are straight, corners are square. Quilt is self-bound, front brought to back, though could have been part of another quilt, then cut and turned over?

Condition
Poor. Extensive damage: eagle almost totally deteriorated. Fabric deterioration, stains, tears/holes, scorching, extensive mending evident. Netting that protects the eagle needs replacing.

Miscellaneous
This quilt would be a fascinating study to date. 28 stars date the quilt at 1846-47 (Brackman, B. Clues in the Calico). SC suggests that due to the differing quality of sewing and apparent addition of fabrics that this quilt was made in several stages, the central medallion of the eagle with 15 stars would date the quilt to 1795-1818.

Descriptive data collected by Elizabeth Hoffman and Shannon Myers, January 2001

Vintage early American Union Quilt
Vintage early American Union Quilt

Border star quilt detail
Border star quilt detail

Broderie perse border block
Broderie perse border block


Oregon State University Horner Museum Collection
sponsored and supported in part by the
Horner Museum Fund

 

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© 2008 - 2014 Benton County Historical Society & Museum
Philomath, Oregon
The Benton County Historical Society is a nonprofit corporation that operates museum facilities for the preservation of history and culture.  Its mission is to:

  1. Preserve the material and intellectual culture of Benton County, Oregon, by acquiring and caring for significant collections that illustrate and interpret the history of the area and its relationship to the world;
  2. Enrich people's lives through exhibitions and educational programs.